Beekeeping (or apiculture) is a practice of maintenance or managing of honey beehives by humans to achieve the desired target or to practice as a hobby. The site used to keep bees is called an apiary.
A beekeeper (or apiarist) collects their honey, beehives and other products that the hive produce like propolis, pollen, and royal jelly). An apiarist keeps bees for helping them in pollinating crops or raising more honeybees for selling them to other beekeepers. One of the Main objectives for beekeeping is to maximize honey production.
To protect themselves from bee stings, beekeepers wear protective clothing items like gloves, hat, veil, or a hooded suit. The defensive bees are attracted to a human’s breath.
Beekeepers don’t forget to wear face-covering clothing to protect their face. Sometimes beekeepers use a smoker as a defense too. Some beekeepers believe that for the safety of a beekeeper, he or she should be stung a few times. They believe that it will cause less irritation each time.
There are many types of beekeeping like Natural beekeeping, Urban or backyard beekeeping, Indoor beekeeping.
The beekeeping tasks involved in taking care of the bees are distributed by seasons. Like spring tasks includes checking if the queen has died so she can be replaced, sometimes unproductive queen bee is replaced with the productive one by the worker bees itself.
In spring, they establish empty bee hives in case some bees want to be in a new home. Feeding bees, the population across all the hives should be almost equal. In summers they just need a consistent checkup. Make sure that there are always some water sources near these hives.
Check regularly if the queen bee is laying well and harvest honey. In Autumns: this is the time to check if your bees are prepared and ready for winters. Leave some honey for the bees for winter, so harvest honey accordingly. To do checkups for any diseases.
In winters, it needs to be checked if there is any disease left and if hives are sheltered from any wind damage. Beekeepers make sure all disease treatments are complete.