To know how does a beehive work, it is utmost important to know what it contains. A beehive is described as a dome-shaped enclosed structure either made by humans or honey bees, where the bees are kept to lay their young ones and produce honey. Now, let’s talk about its structure in brief: the inner surface of the beehive is a densely packed cluster of hexagonal cells. These hexagonal cells of wax are made by bees to store their honey, pollen, and eggs. In traditional hives, the honey was extracted by squeezing out the honey from the honeycomb. This kind of harvesting resulted in more beeswax and less honey. The traditional frames came in a fixed structure, but modern hives are produced in movable frames. The modern beehive structure can be vertical or horizontal.
In a beehive, the only leader is the queen bee who reproduces with the worker bees and lays eggs. Queen bee can control the gender of the eggs. Whereas the worker bees take care of the queen, the eggs, cleanliness of the hive, stores pollen and honey. In swarming seasons like spring, the queen leaves the hive with some other workers. It can be because of many reasons like being old or overpopulation, or space being too hot and small.
The most commonly used man-made hive from harvesting honey is Langstroth hive. The Langstroth hives are made up of a multi-layered structure with removable frames. Shallow supers, which are used to store honey, is used then a full sized one because honey is heavy. So, it is trouble-free to remove and replace the supers.
Beekeepers spin the removable framed honeycombs in a centrifuge to extract the honey. For beekeepers, it is extremely important to extract honey from filled honeycombs as the honey bees produce honey as long as there is enough space to store it.