The honeybees are the most researched subject after man. Then comes their production which is tested on labs and comes under studies for treating and preventing various diseases. The bee hives components – honey, bee wax, propolis, and other vital products vary, with taste, chemical compounds, and nutrients, from one hive to another. Due to this variability, there arises a problem regarding biological studies; as one study could contradict the other.
A study published in Phytomedicine suggests that the use of propolis is more effective for treating genital herpes; here, the propolis is used as an ointment. In another research, propolis was found to ease the side effects of chemotherapy used for cancer treatment. It also halts the cancer cells from multiplying and spreading to other organs.
The use of propolis was listed as an official drug in the London pharmacopoeias of the 17th century. In the early years of 21st century, studies from journal of Alternative and complementary medicine found that use of propolis on first to second degree burn for healing purpose was just as an effective as the other drug.
Making the proper use of ancient knowledge, Greek and Roman physicians used propolis for dental hygiene as a disinfectant. Later modern studies show it may be effective in the treatment of gingivitis and periodontist.
Sure, it is the most researched subject and has more benefits than disadvantages; but one needs to make sure that they are not allergic to honeybees before using products containing propolis.