Formation of honey

Formation of honey

Humans need food to support metabolism of muscle activity or life. Similarly, bees need supplies of sugars for consumption and to store for future food-supply. Flowers have nectars and pollens particularly used for pollination among plants. Honey bees leave the hive in search of flowers. They signal the other bees by dancing when they find perfect flowers at the right crop field. Then Honey bees suck sugar-rich nectar on their honey stomach or “crop” through the proboscis, a long tube-shaped tongue.

The honey stomach can hold roughly about 50% of the bee’s unloaded weight. It takes an hour to fill the honey stomach and over thousands of flowers require to fill it. Bee produces salivary enzymes and proteins from glands and binds it with the nectar. Bees begin to break down sugars in the blended nectar and increase the liquid content in it. When the honey bees or forager bees return to the hive, they transfer the nectar by regurgitating the liquid into the hive bees’ mouth. The same ingestion procedure happens repeatedly among a group of hive bees until it is digested to some extent and reaches to a honeycomb.

Nectar inside a comb is in a liquid form. Then Honey bees work in a group; they fan the honeycomb with the fluttering their wings. Bees can generate body heat; thus they can regulate the temperature inside the hive. This process helps in evaporation of the water content in the honey and makes the honey breakfast ready – thick and viscous. Hive bees flutter their wings until the sugar content reaches beyond the saturation point and stops fermentation. The bees seal the comb using a secreted liquid from their abdomen. The perfect layering solidifies into beeswax, keeping the honey away from moisture and storing for future consumption. The collected honey can be stored for long life if, sealed properly.

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